Retirement planning is crucial for a financially secure future, but many people often ignore it. It’s widely believed that the savings and pension would be enough for post-retirement life. However, while government employees in India are able to live comfortably after retirement just on the back of their pension, the situation is much different for private sector employees and self-employed individuals.
These individuals often face the scary realisation that their retirement savings are not adequate for their expenses or lifestyle, and are often forced to rely on their children, spouses or other familial connections. In certain cases, people may even be forced to re-enter the workforce.
So, it’s always better to calculate how much money you need to save to ensure a comfortable and secure retirement. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of retirement planning and explore the essential factors to consider when determining your retirement corpus.
Estimating your retirement corpus
The amount you need to retire is not a one-size-fits-all figure. It depends on various factors, including your lifestyle goals, anticipated sources of retirement income, and the impact of inflation. To estimate your retirement corpus, there are numerous formulas that have been floated by experts, financial planners and more. A common formula can help you to calculate your annual expenses and then multiply it by the number of years you expect to be in retirement.
Understanding the 30X Rule
One popular rule of thumb for retirement planning in India is the 30X Rule. This straightforward guideline helps you estimate the amount of money you’ll need for a comfortable retirement. It is based on your current annual expenses, multiplied by 30.
In practical terms, your retirement corpus should be at least 30 times your current annual expenses. For example, if you’re 50 years old and your monthly expenses amount to Rs 75,000 (annually Rs 9 lakh), the 30X rule suggests that you require 30 times Rs 9 lakh for a secure retirement, which equals Rs 2.7 crore.
Factors to consider for building retirement corpus
When calculating your retirement corpus, you must consider several critical factors.
Firstly, you should carefully determine the expected returns on your investments during your retirement years, keeping in mind that this can vary based on your chosen investment options. Additionally, it’s essential to factor in the impact of inflation on your expenses throughout retirement, as prices for goods and services tend to rise over time, potentially affecting your purchasing power. Moreover, consider your life expectancy during retirement, recognizing that longer life spans may necessitate a larger corpus to sustain your financial needs. It’s equally important to make accurate post-retirement expense estimates, encompassing essential aspects like healthcare, travel, and leisure activities.
Don’t ignore the significance of planning for unexpected expenditures, such as medical emergencies, which can become more frequent as you age. Lastly, bear in mind the erosive effects of inflation on the real value of your retirement corpus over the years, underscoring the importance of ensuring your initial corpus is sufficiently sizable to account for this financial erosion.